Journal of Orthopedic and Spine Trauma

Published by: Kowsar

Are Arthroscopic PCL Avulsion Fixation and its Long Learning Curve Morally Justified When Other Surgical Approaches are Valid? An Ethical Issue in Surgical Research

Farzad Amouzadeh Omrani 1 , Gholamhossein Kazemian 1 , * , Alireza Manafi Rasi 1 , Mohammadmahdi Sarzaeem 1 and Mohammad Khak 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Journal of Orthopedic and Spine Trauma: March 2017, 3 (1); e60943
  • Published Online: March 31, 2017
  • Article Type: Discussion
  • Received: January 3, 2017
  • Revised: January 31, 2017
  • Accepted: March 2, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/jost.60943

To Cite: Amouzadeh Omrani F, Kazemian G, Manafi Rasi A, Sarzaeem M, Khak M. Are Arthroscopic PCL Avulsion Fixation and its Long Learning Curve Morally Justified When Other Surgical Approaches are Valid? An Ethical Issue in Surgical Research, J Orthop Spine Trauma. 2017 ; 3(1):e60943. doi: 10.5812/jost.60943.

Copyright © 2017, Journal of Orthopedic and Spine Trauma. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Introduction
2. Conclusion
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